Hello,my name is Allyson.This is one of my ideas for

the Coral Reef Project with my partners Lizzette Badillo ,and Leslie Orea.I hope you enjoy this project .We are making a project about the coral ecosystem in two groups that represents unhealthy coral reef and how to transform the coral reef healthy again!

Material for this PROJECT

YOU WILL NEED:
2 boxes

Colorful and dead color paiize

Sand

Tools to decorate a cake

Scissors



If you don't have one of the materials, think if you can find something else that is a similar shape. Let your imagination and creativity run wild!

Create a Coral Reef
Create a Coral Reef

What You'll Need
What You'll Need

For the Diorama Box
For the Diorama Box

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cardboard box, approximately 2 feet x 1 foot
  • blue tissue paper or blue [[#|construction paper]] (or even newspaper painted blue)
  • [[#|clear tape]]
  • a few pieces of sandpaper OR paper, sand, and glue
  • scissors
What You'll Need
What You'll Need
*

For the Brain Coral
For the Brain Coral

* bag of "radiatore" pasta; it has a ruffled, ridged shape

  • ball of modeling clay, Model MagicTM, or [[#|Play]] DohTM
  • paint, green, yellow, and brown
  • brushes
  • plastic cup or bowl for paint
  • cup of water, for [[#|cleaning brush]]
  • newspaper, to put on table before painting
For the Fan Coral
For the Fan Coral

  • sheet of white (plain) [[#|needlepoint canvas]] (available at crafts stores or large department stores)
  • [[#|pipe cleaners]], thick (fan corals are usually orange, red, yellow, pink or purple)
  • [[#|pipe cleaners]], thin (orange, red, yellow, pink, or purple)
  • newspaper, to put on table before painting
  • paint, orange, red, yellow, pink, or purple
  • plastic cup or bowl for paint
  • brushes
For the Sea Anemones
For the Sea Anemones


  • a bag of hair curlers (or you can substitute cardboard [[#|paper towel]] or [[#|toilet paper rolls]])
  • pink or red plastic pom-poms, or red construction paper cut into thin strips, or pink Easter grass
For the Finger-shaped Sponge
For the Finger-shaped Sponge


  • about 6 to 10 tan-colored plastic hair curlers (the kind that have two parts)
  • [[#|clear tape]]
  • yellow [[#|Play]] DohTM




What To Do
What To Do


Step 1: Making the Diorama Box
Step 1: Making the Diorama Box

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WHY THIS SHAPE? The shape of the diorama box is designed to give you the maximum "floor" area for presenting your 3-D scene and it makes it possible for you to hang creatures from the "ceiling" of the box.
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With help from an adult, use the scissors to cut off one of the pieces of the lid from one of the long sides of the box. Then tape together the two remaining corners.
With help from an adult, use the scissors to cut off one of the pieces of the lid from one of the long sides of the box. Then tape together the two remaining corners.
With help from an adult, use the scissors to cut off one of the pieces of the lid from one of the long sides of the box. Then tape together the two remaining corners.

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2

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Use the scissors to cut each of the short sides diagonally.
Use the scissors to cut each of the short sides diagonally.
Use the scissors to cut each of the short sides diagonally.

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3

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Use tape to cover the box with blue tissue paper (or blue construction paper). IMPORTANT: Don't put blue tissue paper on the bottom of the diorama — this space will be used to create the sandy seafloor.
Use tape to cover the box with blue tissue paper (or blue construction paper).
Use tape to cover the box with blue tissue paper (or blue construction paper).

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4

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Tape pieces of sandpaper to the bottom of the diorama. NOTE: As an alternative, you can glue some sand on the bottom — or color a sandy seafloor with markers or crayons.
Tape pieces of sandpaper to the bottom of the diorama. NOTE: As an alternative, you can glue some sand on the bottom - or color a sandy seafloor with markers or crayons.
Tape pieces of sandpaper to the bottom of the diorama. NOTE: As an alternative, you can glue some sand on the bottom - or color a sandy seafloor with markers or crayons.



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Step 2: Making the Brain Coral
Step 2: Making the Brain Coral

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GROOVY & WAVY: Corals come in many shapes and sizes. The brain coral gets its name because its shape resembles the grooves and ridges of the human brain.

Amy's brain coral and the real thing
Amy's brain coral and the real thing


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Take a grapefruit-size piece of green [[#|Play]] DohTM or Model MagicTM and make it into a dome shape. Then stick pieces of "radiatore" pasta on the surface. Put the pasta at different angles to imitate the maze-like pattern on brain coral.
Take a grapefruit-size piece of green Play Doh or Model Magic and make it into a dome shape. Then stick pieces of 'radiatore' pasta on the surface. Put the pasta at different angles to imitate the maze-like pattern on brain coral.
Take a grapefruit-size piece of green Play Doh or Model Magic and make it into a dome shape. Then stick pieces of 'radiatore' pasta on the surface. Put the pasta at different angles to imitate the maze-like pattern on brain coral.

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2
2

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Put the pasta-covered dough on a piece of newspaper. Paint the pasta pieces olive green. To get an olive-green color, mix green and yellow paint with a little brown or blue. Brain coral get their green color from the algae that live with them.
Put the pasta-covered dough on a piece of newspaper. Paint the pasta pieces olive green. To get an olive-green color, mix green and yellow paint with a little brown or blue. Brain coral get their green color from the algae that live with them.
Put the pasta-covered dough on a piece of newspaper. Paint the pasta pieces olive green. To get an olive-green color, mix green and yellow paint with a little brown or blue. Brain coral get their green color from the algae that live with them.



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Step 2: Making a Sea Fan
Step 2: Making a Sea Fan

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ONE OF YOUR BIGGEST FANS: Sea fans may look like plants, but they are actually coral, made of many tiny animals that work together. These animals use their little feathery tentacles to catch plankton as it drifts by. Sea fans are filter-feeders that grow [[#|perpendicular]] to a strong current. They're like plankton nets. They don't form part of the hard reef, but grow near it.I'm going to show you how to make a red sea fan. Its scientific name is Swiftia kofoidi.
Amy's sea fan and the real thing
Amy's sea fan and the real thing




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Use scissors to cut a piece of needlepoint canvas into a tree-like shape (SEE PICTURE). Don't worry about getting the shape exactly like the model in the photo.
Use scissors to cut a piece of needlepoint canvas into a tree-like shape. Don't worry about getting the shape exactly like the model in the photo.
Use scissors to cut a piece of needlepoint canvas into a tree-like shape. Don't worry about getting the shape exactly like the model in the photo.

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Lay down newspaper, then paint the needlepoint canvas orange, and let it dry.
Lay down newspaper, then paint the needlepoint canvas orange, and let it dry.
Lay down newspaper, then paint the needlepoint canvas orange, and let it dry.

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Weave a THICK orange pipe cleaner through the bottom "trunk" of the canvas (SEE PICTURE).
Weave a THICK orange pipe cleaner through the bottom 'trunk' of the canvas.
Weave a THICK orange pipe cleaner through the bottom 'trunk' of the canvas.

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4

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Using the photo to the right as a model, weave THIN orange [[#|pipe cleaners]] into the needlepoint canvas.
Using this photo as a model, weave THIN orange pipe cleaners into the needlepoint canvas.
Using this photo as a model, weave THIN orange pipe cleaners into the needlepoint canvas.



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Step 4: Making Sea Anemone's
Step 4: Making Sea Anemone's



AN ANEMONE'S ANATOMY (say that three times fast!):Sea anemones are predators that usually attach their column-shaped bodies to coral, the sea floor, or rocks. Their tentacles have poisonous stinging cells (called nematocysts) which help them catch small fish, mussels, and other tiny sea creatures. Sea anemones are usually about 1 to 4 inches (2.5 to 10 centimeters) across.
Amy's anemones and the real thing
Amy's anemones and the real thing




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Pull apart the plastic strands that make up the pink pom-pom, then cut them into thin strips.
Pull apart the plastic strands that make up the pink pom-pom, then cut them into thin strips.
Pull apart the plastic strands that make up the pink pom-pom, then cut them into thin strips.

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2

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Stuff the pieces of pom-pom into the end of a hair curler.
Stuff the pieces of pom-pom into the end of a hair curler.
Stuff the pieces of pom-pom into the end of a hair curler.

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3

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With scissors, trim the pom-pom threads so they are approximately the same length.
With scissors, trim the pom-pom threads so they are approximately the same length.
With scissors, trim the pom-pom threads so they are approximately the same length.

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Repeat Steps 2 and 3 until you have four sea anemones.
Repeat Steps 2 and 3 until you have four sea anemones.
Repeat Steps 2 and 3 until you have four sea anemones.



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Step 5: Making a Finger-shaped Sponge
Step 5: Making a Finger-shaped Sponge

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Totally Tubular: A sponge's body is covered with thousands of tiny holes called pores. The water flowing into the pores provides nutrients and oxygen. As the water flows out, it carries out the organism's waste.
Amy's finger-shaped sponge and the real thing
Amy's finger-shaped sponge and the real thing



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[[#|Remove]] the outer covering of a hair curler, so that you are left with a tube with holes. Repeat this step for all 6 to 10 hair curlers.
Remove the outer covering of a hair curler, so that you are left with a tube with holes. Repeat this step for all 6 to 10 hair curlers.
Remove the outer covering of a hair curler, so that you are left with a tube with holes. Repeat this step for all 6 to 10 hair curlers.

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Tape two of the hair curler tubes together, so they form a tall column. Then tape on one more hair curler.
Tape two of the hair curler tubes together, so they form a tall column. Then tape on one more hair curler.
Tape two of the hair curler tubes together, so they form a tall column. Then tape on one more hair curler.

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2

Repeat Step 2 with the remaining hair curlers. Make the sponge columns different lengths. (Some corals can be three hair curlers long; some two hair curlers long and so on.)
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Stick the curler's into a holder made of Model MagicTMor Play DohTM.
Stick the curler�s into a holder made of Model Magic or Play Doh.
Stick the curler�s into a holder made of Model Magic or Play Doh.



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Step 6: Putting It All Together
Step 6: Putting It All Together



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Put the different parts of your coral reef into the diorama box.
Put the different parts of your coral reef into the diorama box.
Put the different parts of your coral reef into the diorama box.

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Congratulations! You did it. Step back and admire your coral reef diorama. Give a friend or family member a personal tour of your reef. Point out the different organisms and explain how they get f
ood, protect themselves, and so on
.
Congratulations! You did it. Step back and admire your coral reef diorama.
Congratulations! You did it. Step back and admire your coral reef diorama.





Next Stop: Facts and Information!







Cool Coral Facts
Cool Coral Facts
Coral Reef
Coral Reef






Click the red button, and once you have, if you see it again, click on it a second time for a surprise!
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* The world's first coral reefs formed about 500 million years ago.

  • Coral reefsexternal image asterisk.gif are made of millions of tiny, fragile animals called hard coral polyps, living and dead. A group of coral is called a colony.
  • Each different kind of coral, as a community, creates an amazing shaped structure. These architectural shapes are used by scientists to identify corals.
  • Coral polyps feed at night. They have tentacles with small stinging cells called nematocysts. Hard coral also get nutrients from the algae that live on them.
  • Coral reefs are found in shallow water because the algae that live with them need sunlight for photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants harness the Sun's energy and use it to turn water and carbon dioxide into their food, sugar. As corals compete for sunlight, the reef gets bigger and bigger.
  • Soft corals like sea fans and sea whips may be part of coral reefs, but they're not reef builders.





Detailed Summary:




Personally, I find coral reefs fascinating. Learning about the wonders of the ocean made me curious to know more. That’s why my

partner and I chose to work on the strange organisms in the depts. of the sea. I’ve learn quite a lot, indeed. Let’s start there. What are

some things I learned about coral reefs? Well, for one, I found out the first coral reef was formed 500 years ago. (Wow!). Did you know

millions of tiny, fragile, animals are called coral polyps? I didn’t, either. There’s a ton to know about coral polyps and you can learn about

them at http://www.saltyunderground.com/article_info.php?articles_id=14. Now, I just want to keep it brief, because my partner,

Aleyssa, will also have a summary. And, I don’t want to overwhelm you! (You’re going to have a lot of facts, no kidding!). Anyway, hope

this helped; don’t forget to go and explore more about coral reefs!

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ALEYSSA'S PART:



Detailed Summary:


  • Hi, my name is Aleyssa Nava and my partner, Hima, and I have been working on coral reefs. Coral reefs are colorful reefs with lots of sea creatures, plants, and corals. The reefs grow best in warm, shallow, clear, sunny tropical waters. Coral reefs have been here for millions of years. There's not just one reef, there's three; the Barrier Reef, Fringing Reef, and Coral Atolls Reef. Coral reefs are located in Florida, the Caribbeans, South India, East Africa, and Brazil. Coral reefs provide a safe place for fish to lay their eggs. Some anti-cancer drugs comes from coral reefs. The reef protects shorelines from big waves by absorbing wave energy! In conclusion, I've learned a lot about coral reefs and I hope you did, too. Now it's your turn, you can use this information for your project. Good luck!dick





  1. Hi my name is Mecca Gordon and i will tell you that we should keep the sea clean because you don't want the sea to get to dirty because you don't won't it to be the day you taste dirty water.so i'm sowing you guy's.these pic's on it.The coral reef is a nice sea plant because fish and other animals.The second coral reef pic is all nice and cute but let's get back to the real world.the one on top is the real world.We are going to stop the littering it's good for any one .So i'm am going to make an project for the good and bad so this is what is inside an coral reef. all these unlike this is the project i'm going to make an project that look like this with fake fish and my project is going to be cool i'm going to use lots of good thing's .

Idelsa Picturemecca.jpg